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The region now included in Alberta was already inhabited by indigenous populations a long time before the arrival of Europeans. The natives were distributed in different tribes including Assiniboine, Piedi Neri and Cree.
In 1670 the Hudson Bay Company obtained permission for the commercial exploitation of the hides and hunting in the region of present-day Alberta, which at the time was part of the immense territory called Terra di Rupert.
However, much of the region remained totally unexplored, with the exception of small communities located in the Northwest, founded with the arrival of the French approximately from 1731, such as Lac La Biche and Bonnyville or Fort La Jonquière in 1752 where today Calgary stands.
We must wait 1754 to have a timid penetration into the territory, when the Hudson Bay Company sent Antony Henday with the aim of weaving the first commercial relations with the natives of the region. A rival company, the Compagnia del Nord-Ovest, built some forts and commercial stations in 1778, but left the area less than 50 years later, in 1821. Among the first explorers of these lands, Peter Pond was mentioned for the region of Athabasca who founded Fort Athabasca again in 1778.
Edmonton founded in 1795 was among the first settlements that became permanent. An important part in the exploration of the region must be ascribed to Catholic missionaries who tried to penetrate from 1840 onwards. Among the first Robert Rundle between 1840 and 1848. In 1843 a mission was founded in Lac Claire.
A further contribution to exploration and colonization was given by Roderick Mackenzie who founded Fort Chipewyan in 1888, and especially to his cousin Sir Alexander Mackenzie who discovered part of the North Saskatchewan River and reached Lake Athabasca. From here he discovered the sources of the river Peace, in an attempt to open a road to the Pacific Ocean.
(🎥: @matiasderada @storyofsage @cory.s.martin 📍: Alberta, Canada)
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